Salmonella home remedies and other : Symptoms Causes and Frequently asked questions. Prevention and most common treatment methods
A salmonella are a group of bacteria which cause salmonella infection in intestines. Typhoid fever, food poisoning, gastro entities are all kid of salmonella poisoning.
There are 2300 species of the bacteria; they are gram-negative in character. They normally reside in the intestines without causing any flare-up.
Salmonella infections, also known as food poisoning, are quite common; they strike millions of people globally. In most case, symptoms disappear after a few days without the need to consult a Doctor. In rare cases, do they need specialized medical attention.
They are more common in summer than in winter. Children are more prone to infection, and so are older people. People with the weekend immune system are also prone to bacterial infection.
Symptoms of Salmonella Infection
Include but are not limited to
- Bloody stools
- Cold and chills
- Feeling sick up to the stomach
- And wish to throw up.
Complications in Salmonella Infection
Few patients tend to get their joints affected. They feel pain in the bones. The pain may persist even after the infection has subsided. There could be acute dehydration, characterized by
- Peeing only in small amounts
- Dry hand and mouth
- Sunken and dry eyes
If the bacteria gets into your bloodstream than tissues around your brain and spinal cord can get infected. It can also damage the lining of your heart and heart valves. It can impact your bones or bone marrow, and finally, it can damage the lining of your blood vessels.
Your Doctor will recommend blood and stool tests. He may also ask you about any recent changes in your life like stress, change in dietary habits, or a recent trip abroad.
Here are a few preventive measures that you can take on to protect your loved ones. The emphasis is on hygiene.
- Avoid eating uncooked or semi-cooked food. The bacteria are vulnerable to heat
- Again do not consume raw or semi-cooked pork, poultry, and beef
- Wash your hand s with soap and warm water before and after handling food.
- Kitchen surface has to be kept clean before and after its usage.
- Wash raw fruits and vegetables well and peel them if possible.
- Refrigerate food well both before cooking it and after serving it.
Causes of Salmonella
Salmonella lives in the intestines of birds, animals, and humans. The bacteria is spread when human s come in direct or indirect contact with food or water contaminated by feces.
Uncooked meat, poultry, and seafood: Contamination usually occurs during the slaughtering period. Harvesting seafood from contaminated water is also the common cause.
Uncooked Eggs :- The poultry can infect uncooked eggs; there are specific preparations such as salads and cookies of which raw egg is an ingredient. Be careful when consuming them. Raw eggs are also found in mayonnaise and homemade dressings
Lack of hygiene :- Not washing the hands frequently or keeping the kitchen dirty, or mixing knives between raw meat and vegetables can all lead to infections. Infection can be passed by touching, the surface or utensils by the infected person. The human can also spread it to human contact.
Keeping pet reptiles :- Salmonella bacteria are found in the droppings of the pet reptiles such as turtles. It can easily spread to their shell. They are touching a reptile warrants immediate and thorough washing of hands.
Fruits and vegetables: They can be contaminated if they have been fertilized by infected organic manure or alternatively watered by the infected or not so clean H2O.
Who are at Risk?
Very young or older people or those who have a weekend immune system as a consequence of diseases like, AIDS/HIV or cancer treatment are the ones most susceptible to the disease.
A pregnant woman may pass on the bacteria to the fetus, which might cause meningitis or other complications. They can also suffer from dehydration and bacteria in the blood.
Home Remedies for the infection?
A lot depends upon your age and physical shape. If you are an adult, your body will fight the infection naturally.
However, you can assist your body
- By taking adequate rest,
- By continuously rehydrating the body, suck on the ice cubes or drink commercially available ORS available at the Pharmacy
- Limit your diet to easily digestible and bland food like bananas, papayas, boiled rice, toasts, etc.
- By avoiding alcohol, spicy food, smoking and fatty food.
- You can also ingest turmeric powder thrice a day, by simply mixing ½ tsp. of turmeric and ½ tsp. of honey in a cup of warm water. Turmeric has anti-bacterial properties and will effectively ward of the infection.
- Probiotic strains of bacteria can prevent salmonella from colonizing the intestines. Two strains of probiotics, namely Lactobacillus acidophilus and pediococcus spp have been particularly useful in taming the pathogen.
- Acetic acid is a great disinfectant; you can use them to kill gram negative bacteria like E. coli and Salmonella using it.
- A PH under 5 will kill the bacteria; two tsp. of lemon juice mixed with a recipe of mayonnaise using a cup of oil is acidic enough to kill the bacteria.
When should I call the Doctor?
In case the following symptoms persist then do not hesitate to call the Doctor
- Muscle weakness
- Numbness or tingling sensation
- Your vision has become blurry, and you are feeling confused
- Tingling in your arms
- Stools that are black or tarry
- Severe gut pain or vomiting
- Any diarrhea in a newborn.
- Signs of dehydration such as dry mouth, little or no urination, dizziness and sunken eyes.
- Fever above 102 F in adults and rectal temperature of 100.4 F in infants
Is salmonella contagious ?
Mostly the Salmonella bacterial family are contagious. They can be spread by direct contact such as (Saliva, Fecal/oral & Kissing). Another spreading factor is used the same utensils. Animals can be a factor of spreading i.e., uncooked meat and eggs. Some animals where you must keep a check are chickens, hamsters, snakes, turtles, cats, and dogs.
What is the contingency period of Salmonella?
There is no fix time for the contagious. Some are seen with the symptoms after weeks and can be resolved then. Some of them are seen , when they became carrier and stay contagious for years. For Ex. Typhoid Mary
Is it necessary to treat salmonella with antibiotics?
If you are a happy, healthy adult than rest assured that no treatment is required except for frequent hydration and adequate rest. You can trust your body’s defense system to do its job. But if you have a serious illness or a weakened immune system, you may need antibiotic therapy.
How long does salmonella last in the body?
The illness typically lasts for 4 -7 days in the body. Most people develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. In case of severe infections, people may be hospitalized and intravenous fluids administered.
What are the usual symptoms of salmonella?
There are thousands of species of the bacteria of which around 12 make us sick.
Common symptoms are
- Stomach cramps
- Muscle pain and
- Bloody stool